Southern California Edison’s Use of Visas to Replace U.S. Workers

electric_plantThe misuse of skilled guest worker visas (H-1B) has gained new notoriety with the announcement by Southern California Edison (SCE) that it is laying off 400 workers and replacing them with foreign temporary workers. The news has generated protests from the affected workers, organizations supporting them, and some members of Congress – notably Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Calif.) and Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.). The case has also attracted media attention in California, including the Los Angeles Times and San Diego Union Tribune.

What might trigger more widespread attention to this abuse it the possibility that it might provoke the administration to take some remedial action. That possibility was highlighted by Ron Hira, a former high-tech executive, current Economic Policy Institute researcher and assistant professor at Rochester Institute of Technology. He argues that “…section 212(n)(1)(A)(ii) of the INA requires employers hiring H-1B workers to attest that they will ‘provide working conditions for such a nonimmigrant [H-1B] that will not adversely affect the working conditions of workers similarly employed.’” He notes further that, “If the Secretary of Labor receives credible information that leads him to reasonably believe that an employer has not complied with this requirement, he has statutory authority to investigate the case under INA section 212(n)(2)(G). His conclusion is that, ‘There isn’t a clearer case of adverse impacts—American workers are losing their jobs to H-1Bs from another country.’”

Hira does not comment on what action the government could take to prevent SCE’s scab labor program, but presumably it could include denying the approval of the visas for the foreign workers.

There have been previous efforts at legislative reform. Sens. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) and Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) have sponsored legislation to require employers to make a good faith effort to find U.S. workers for an available job before hiring an H-1B visa foreign worker. A provision by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) was incorporated into the American recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 that limits the use of H-1Bs in banks and financial institutions unless similarly qualified U.S. workers are unavailable. Employers must also stipulate that they have not and will not lay off U.S. workers during a 90-day period prior to and following the filing a petition for the H-1B worker.  

Nevertheless, most U.S. professional workers still are not protected against layoffs by employers seeking to cut costs by using the H-1B program. Unfortunately, it appears that the media and the public continue to believe that there are protections in the law for U.S. workers against using the H-1B program to achieve a lower wage workforce. That practice remains widespread, and SCE highlighted that fact when it said in its defense that it is simply following a model that has been adopted by other utilities around the country.

About Author


Jack, who joined FAIR’s National Board of Advisors in 2017, is a retired U.S. diplomat with consular experience. He has testified before the U.S. Congress, U.S. Civil Rights Commission, and U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform and has authored studies of immigration issues. His national and international print, TV, and talk radio experience is extensive (including in Spanish).


  1. avatar

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    I hear the companies are buying their own stock to increase dividends instead of hiring Americans. The pay gap widens from the 1-10% to the rest of us. It explains the booming stock market lately too.

  2. avatar

    AC21 removed removed the tradition American worker protections, thanks to DiFi and Teddy K. Just repeal AC21.

    H1-V visas are unlimited for universities and research institutes. They do huge nymbers of projects funded by corporate sponsors. Huge loopholw. Close it,!

  3. avatar

    In Silicon Valley, in addition to the use of H-1Bs and outsourcing to employ cheaper foreign workers, among Americans tech workers that are hired there is heavy use of contractors who do not have the legal protections of regular employees such as the right to unionize, etc. Why would any American want to start a career in this line of work? This does not bode well for the future of our country.

  4. avatar

    Again, how in the world is business claiming that there is some “shortage” of American high tech workers when they are letting go of the people that are ALREADY employed by them. It would be different if they laid them off and no one else was hired. But the foreign workers are being TRAINED to do the jobs of the people who are then let go. And this is not one isolated case. It’s going on all the time in this country.

    Some, and only some, of the media are just beginning to report this issue, when the facts have been readily available for years. That is just further proof of the media bias towards open immigration as a boost to the economy. It’s a boost to the bottom line of corporations, not American workers who are facing a wave of foreign competition.