EB-5 Problems Go Beyond Chinese Waiting List

A lengthening line for U.S. investor visas suggests that affluent Chinese nationals see them as a good deal. It’s no bargain for America.

The growing backlog of approved EB-5 petitions now translates into a 10-year wait for Chinese investors seeking to enter the U.S. through the controversial visa program.

More than 10,000 approved petitioners await EB-5 visas, with most of the applicants from China. Foreigners get on the path to permanent residency by investing $500,000 to $1 million in purported job-creating ventures here.

A market-driven response would simply up the ante. The proposed RAISE Act does that by introducing a cash-based point system; the more an applicant ponies up, the more points he or she earns. For example, an EB-5 seeker would secure six points toward a required 30 by committing $1.35 million. A $1.8 million investment would net 12 points.

But bigger buy-ins don’t address EB-5’s deeper shortcomings. Since its inception, the program has been riddled with fraud, abuse and national-security concerns. Hiking the financial requirements merely attracts more affluent players.

FAIR: The failure of the EB-5 program

The EB-5 accountability system, such as it is, is opaque. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, which administers the program, does not provide essential information about EB-5 applicants, operators and their investments. Private “regional centers,” which collect and control billions of dollars through the federal program, are shadowy entities that run with little or no public oversight.

EB-5 investment funds are poorly vetted, and there are no prohibitions against foreign governments owning or operating regional centers. Background checks are not required.

“This raises serious questions about whether foreign governments are selling U.S. green cards to their citizens,” Sen. Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, said.

Meantime, EB-5 promoters game the system. Log-jammed Chinese applicants are now advised to jump the queue by obtaining E-2 nonimmigrant investor visas through Grenada – landing themselves and their families in the U.S. within months. They can reside here while their EB-5 priority dates become current.

EB-5’s problem isn’t a decade-long line of Chinese nationals. The problem is its premise: that foreigners can buy their way into America via speculative, specious and shadowy job-creating schemes. EB-5 employment claims are not based on direct, verifiable jobs, but instead on vague estimates and economic modeling that include “indirect” jobs.

Earlier this year, a Chinese couple was accused of bilking EB-5 funds. Some $13 million was allegedly transferred back to a marketing firm in China and $7 million was stashed in the wife’s personal bank account. None of the funds were used for U.S. job-creating ventures.

Expedited entries, steeper buy-ins and Grenadian workarounds are just lipstick on a pig. As long as EB-5 and its regional centers operate under weak or nonexistent oversight by USCIS, the fraud will continue.

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Content written by Federation for American Immigration Reform staff.


  1. avatar


    Would it too much to expect foreign investors
    to submit a reasonable business plan
    with their application for a visa?
    This could include a written agreement
    to invest in a business already operating in the USA.

    And what controls should be applied
    to make certain that the money
    really does go into job-creating enterprises?

    • avatar

      Business plans are submitted, but they are neither independently verified nor vetted. Filled with blue-sky forecasts, they are loaded with not-so-subtle name-dropping designed to give the impression that U.S. officials look favorably on these ventures and will expedite green cards accordingly. China is the wild, wild west for EB-5 entrepreneurs.

    • avatar

      Interesting…….everybody looks the other way….so much love and patriotism for this land ….